Model number


Uptake and transport of calcium from the cytosol across the sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane, aided by ATP.

Detailed Description

CaATPase pic1

This a model of the uptake of calcium from the cytosol, aided by ATP, across the sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane.
The model is taken from Lauger (1991) page 241, and is based on Inesi and de Meis (1989) (hereafter referred to as IdM). The reaction numbers r01 through r12 have been arbitrarily assigned to the reaction diagram in Lauger, page 241.
This model is similar to IdM, with some important differences. IdM uses slightly different nomenclature to emphasize that there is always a phosphate group on the transporter. The IdM reactions are listed with the corresponding reactions of this model below. IdM has an additional reaction path parallel to reactions 5 and 6 (r05 and r06). Idm also has a leakage reaction of calcium between reactions 4 and 5 (r04 and r05) which IdM label ”(E')” which should not be confused with a conformational state of the transporter which is labelled “E'”. The complexing of the transporter with ATP is no longer reaction 12 (r12), but occurs between reactions 3 and 4 (r03 and r04).

In reference to the diagram displayed in the JSim Model: PI (all in caps) is the irrational number, 3.1415926… . Pi is the chemical species, inorganic phosphate.

A leak of calcium from the SR to the cytosol has been included.

Foward reaction direction is clockwise.

Relevant Equations

The following complete equations are derived from annotated equations in the JSim model.


















Download JSim model project file

Lauger, P., “Electrogenic Ion Pumps,” Volume 5, Distinguished Lectures of the Society of General Physiologists, 1991, Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.

Inesi, G. and de Meis, L., “Regulation of Steady State Filling in the Sarcoplasmic Reticulum, Roles of back-inhibition, leakage, and slippage of the calcium pump: J. Biol. Chem. vol. 264, No. 10, April 5, pp. 5929-5936, 1989.

Key terms
Calcium transport
sarcoplasmic reticulum
SR kinetics
Cell Physiology
Cellular biochemical systems

Copyright (C) 1999-2009 University of Washington. From the National Simulation Resource, Director J. B. Bassingthwaighte, Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle WA 98195-5061. Academic use is unrestricted. Software may be copied so long as this copyright notice is included. This software was developed with support from NIH grant HL073598. Please cite this grant in any publication for which this software is used and send one reprint to the address given above.

Model development and archiving support at provided by the following grants: NIH U01HL122199 Analyzing the Cardiac Power Grid, 09/15/2015 - 05/31/2020, NIH/NIBIB BE08407 Software Integration, JSim and SBW 6/1/09-5/31/13; NIH/NHLBI T15 HL88516-01 Modeling for Heart, Lung and Blood: From Cell to Organ, 4/1/07-3/31/11; NSF BES-0506477 Adaptive Multi-Scale Model Simulation, 8/15/05-7/31/08; NIH/NHLBI R01 HL073598 Core 3: 3D Imaging and Computer Modeling of the Respiratory Tract, 9/1/04-8/31/09; as well as prior support from NIH/NCRR P41 RR01243 Simulation Resource in Circulatory Mass Transport and Exchange, 12/1/1980-11/30/01 and NIH/NIBIB R01 EB001973 JSim: A Simulation Analysis Platform, 3/1/02-2/28/07.