Adapting Modeling and Simulation Credibility Standards to Computational Systems Biology

Submitted by hsauro on Wed, 01/25/2023 - 17:36
Lillian T Tatka
Lucian P Smith
Joseph L Hellerstein
Herbert M Sauro
Publication journal
Arxiv (submitted to Journal of Translational Medicine)

Computational models are increasingly used in high-impact decision-making in science, engineering, and medicine. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) uses computational models to perform complex experiments that are otherwise prohibitively expensive or require a microgravity environment. Similarly, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA) have began accepting models and simulations as forms of evidence for pharmaceutical and medical device approval. It is crucial that computational models meet a standard of credibility when using them in high-stakes decision-making. For this reason, institutes, including NASA, the FDA, and the EMA have developed standards to promote and assess the credibility of computational models and simulations. However, due to the breadth of models these institutes assess, these credibility standards are mostly qualitative and avoid making specific recommendations. On the other hand, modeling and simulation in systems biology is a narrow domain, and several standards are already in place. As systems biology models increase in complexity and influence, the development of a credibility assessment system is crucial. Here we review existing standards in systems biology, credibility standards in other science, engineering, and medical fields and propose the development of a credibility standard for systems biology models.

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